Home care for cancer patients is an individualised and compassionate way to support persons who are battling cancer in the comfort and familiarity of their own homes. During treatment and recovery, it includes the management of symptoms, the administration of medications, monitoring of the patient’s health, as well as providing emotional and practical aid to improve the patient’s well-being.
Many cancer patients are diagnosed at late phases of the disease. Many people who have had cancer treatment in the past experience recurrence, meaning that the cancer returns or advances from one stage to another. In such cases patients are treated with palliative intent, i.e., with the goal of alleviating their pain, symptoms and discomfort in the event that disease control is no longer feasible.
There is a growing demand for home care in the current era due to the increasing number of working family members and the inability of family members to devote sufficient time to caring for such patients, despite their desire to do so. Home care involves providing cancer patients and their families with the best possible supportive care at home in order to enhance their quality of life. It consists predominantly of nursing assistance at home and cancer palliative care at the patient's front door.
Symptom Management: Helping patients contend with and alleviate cancer-related symptoms such as pain, nausea and fatigue is symptom management.
Medication Management: It involves administering prescribed medications, such as chemotherapy and painkillers, and ensuring the correct dosage and administration schedule.
Wound Care: It is the management and treatment of surgical incisions and other wounds caused by cancer treatments.
Vital Signs Monitoring: This entails routinely monitoring and recording vital signs such as blood pressure, pulse rate, and temperature in order to detect any complications.
Emotional support: It is the provision of emotional assistance and counselling to aid cancer patients and their families in coping with the disease's emotional challenges.
Home Safety Assessments: Ensuring that the patient's home environment is safe and accessible, and making any necessary adjustments.
Help with Activities of Daily Living (ADLs): assistance with daily duties such as bathing, dressing, grooming, and mobility.
Palliative Care: Providing specialised care centered on enhancing the patient's quality of life, managing pain, and, if necessary, addressing end-of-life concerns.