Anil Cancer Clinic

Cancer Types

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the lungs. People who smoke are most likely to get it. Non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer are the two main types of lung cancer. Lung cancer can be caused by smoking, secondhand smoke, exposure to certain toxins, and a history of lung cancer in the family.

Lung cancer
lung cancer

Risk Factors & Prevention

Understanding the risk factors associated with lung cancer is essential for prevention. Common risk factors include smoking, exposure to certain chemicals, and a family history of the disease. Adopting a healthy lifestyle, avoiding tobacco, and staying hydrated are key preventive measures.

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms include a cough that sometimes brings up blood, chest pain, wheezing, and losing weight. Most of the time, these signs don't show up until the cancer has already spread.

lung cuncer

Treatment Modalities & Coping Treatment:

Treatment Modalities: 
Treatment options for lung cancer may include: 

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy,
  • Immunotherapy
  • Radiation therapy.
  • Targeted drug therapy,

The choice of treatment depends on factors such as the cancer stage, type, and the patient's overall health. A multidisciplinary approach involving various specialists is often necessary.

Coping With Treatment:
Coping with lung cancer treatment can be challenging both physically and emotionally. Support from healthcare professionals, friends, and family is crucial. Additionally, exploring complementary therapies, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and joining support groups can aid in coping.

Emotional Support
Balanced diet

Do's & Don'ts During Treatment

During lung cancer treatment, it's essential to follow specific guidelines to optimize recovery and minimize complications. Adhering to prescribed medications, maintaining a balanced diet, staying hydrated, and avoiding certain activities are crucial do's and don'ts during this period.

Regular Check-Ups

Post Treatment Support, Followup Care and Surveillance :

Post Treatment Support:
After completing treatment, ongoing support is essential for patients to navigate life post-cancer. Regular check-ups, discussions with healthcare providers, and emotional support can contribute to a smooth transition into survivorship.

Follow-ups Cancer Plan:
A comprehensive follow-up plan is essential to monitor the patient's health post-treatment. Regular follow-up appointments, imaging studies, and laboratory tests help detect any signs of recurrence or complications early on.

Surveillance & Monitoring for Indications for Recurrence:
Surveillance and monitoring play a crucial role in detecting any indications of cancer recurrence. Understanding the signs and symptoms that may warrant immediate attention ensures timely intervention.


Frequently Asked Questions

The main cause of Lung Cancer is cigarette smoking. Association of cigarette smoking in Lung Cancer is extremely strong and it is estimated that nearly 6 lakh people die because of Lung Cancer due to smoking habit. Cigarette smoking causes irreversible changes in the DNA which then cause cancer cells to form in the lung.

• Lung Cancer may cause due to Hemoptysis i.e. Blood in the sputum.

• Frequent Cough which is not cured by routine treatment.

• Initially no symptoms of Lung Cancer may be seen in the patients but may be diagnosed accidentally with this lymph when they undergo an X-ray for some other reason.

Lung Cancer is detected at late stages because people often confuse it with Tuberculosis, especially in India.An attempt should be made to distinguish between the two and rule out Lung Cancer whenever possible because if we spend time in taking anti TB treatment the disease often become untreatable.

The treatment of Lung Cancer is basically surgery when it is operable. Surgery consists of the removal of part/entire Lung. Nowadays Lung Cancer surgery is done through Thoracoscopy which means we don’t need to open the entire chest and remove the cancer cells. It can be done through small incision which means that the patient can recover from the surgery very rapidly and does not have to face the same pain and morbidity that occurs during open surgery causes.

Chemotherapy for Lung Cancer has also made rapid advances. In previous years when patients were diagnosed with advanced Lung Cancer it meant a death nail. Now due to Chemotherapy the quality of life and period of survival both have improved. Also because of targeted Chemotherapy which means the cells target the specific cancer cells and not rest of the tissues.

Radiation also play a major role in Cancer especially in advanced Cancers where it is used to decrease the size of the lymph so that we can go ahead and do the surgery on the same cancer.

Lung Cancer even in advance stage is treated with Radiation Chemotherapy so that the quality of life of the patients improves. Survival of Lung Cancer patients is improved slowly but Lung Cancer is majorly caused due to Cigarette smoking and SMOKING KILLS.

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