Anil Cancer Clinic

Cancer Types

Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer or Cancer at the mouth of the Uterus as it is known is the common cancer that affects women in India. The reasons are Myriad ranging from poor hygiene to lack of running water has been said in a WHO study. The main reason is infection by Virus called as Human Papillomavirus. This virus causes changes in the mouth of the uterus leading to Cervical Cancer.

quit smoking

Risk Factors & Prevention

Understanding the risk factors associated with cervical cancer is essential for prevention. Common risk factors include smoking, exposure to certain chemicals, and a family history of the disease. Adopting a healthy lifestyle, avoiding tobacco, and staying hydrated are key preventive measures.

Screening & Symptoms

Nowadays there are fertility preserving options also available for Cervical Cancer since this cancer affects women in the reproductive age group. There is a test called as Pap Smear test which helps to diagnose this Cancer early by a simple Smear taken from the Uterine Cervix or the mouth of the Uterus.

The symptoms of cervical cancer include bleeding in menses, bleeding after intercourse, white discharge, foul smelling discharge, loss of weight, excessive bleeding, lump felt within the abdomen, symptoms due to meta stapes like bone pain and persistent cough in the lungs.

Diagnosis & Stages

Cervical Cancer is an cancer which can be detected early and is treated by surgery, Radio Therapy and Chemotherapy. It can be cured to a large extent if it is detected in the 1 st & 2 nd stage with cure as high as 95%- 97% in the 1 st stage.

Treatment Modalities & Coping Treatment:

Treatment Modalities: 
Treatment options for cervical cancer may include: 

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy,
  • Radiotherapy.

Now there is also a Vaccine available which can be given to young girls between 9 – 26 age groups before the 1 st sexual experience which reduces the incidence of Cervical cancer. Married women can also take this vaccine however the effect is not as good as it is in young girls.

At Anil Cancer Clinic we do regular screening camps as far as Cervical Cancer is concerned so that women get diagnosed early and are treated well.

Coping With Treatment:
Coping with cervical cancer treatment can be challenging both physically and emotionally. Support from healthcare professionals, friends, and family is crucial. Additionally, exploring complementary therapies, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and joining support groups can aid in coping.

Emotional Support
Balanced diet

Do's & Don'ts During Treatment

During cancer treatment, it's essential to follow specific guidelines to optimize recovery and minimize complications. Adhering to prescribed medications, maintaining a balanced diet, staying hydrated, and avoiding certain activities are crucial do's and don'ts during this period.

Regular Check-Ups

Post Treatment Support, Followup Care and Surveillance :

Post Treatment Support:
After completing treatment, ongoing support is essential for patients to navigate life post-cancer. Regular check-ups, discussions with healthcare providers, and emotional support can contribute to a smooth transition into survivorship.

Follow-ups Cancer Plan:
A comprehensive follow-up plan is essential to monitor the patient's health post-treatment. Regular follow-up appointments, imaging studies, and laboratory tests help detect any signs of recurrence or complications early on.

Surveillance & Monitoring for Indications for Recurrence:
Surveillance and monitoring play a crucial role in detecting any indications of cervical cancer recurrence. Understanding the signs and symptoms that may warrant immediate attention ensures timely intervention.


Frequently Asked Questions

Early signs of cervical cancer may not be noticeable, which is why regular screenings are crucial. However, as the cancer progresses, symptoms may include abnormal vaginal bleeding (between periods, after intercourse, or after menopause), pelvic pain, pain during intercourse, and unusual vaginal discharge.

The screening frequency may vary depending on factors such as age, risk factors, and previous screening results. In general, guidelines recommend Pap tests every three years for women aged 21-65. HPV testing may also be recommended along with Pap tests for women aged 30 and older. It's essential to discuss screening frequency with your healthcare provider

While it may not be entirely preventable, cervical cancer can be significantly reduced through preventive measures. These include receiving the HPV vaccine, practicing safe sex by using condoms, limiting sexual partners, avoiding smoking, and undergoing regular cervical cancer screenings.

Adopting a healthy lifestyle can help lower the risk of cervical cancer. This includes quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables, exercising regularly, practicing safe sex, limiting alcohol consumption, and staying up-to-date with vaccinations, including the HPV vaccine.

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