Anil Cancer Clinic

Cancer Types

Eye Cancer

Eye cancer, also known as ocular cancer, refers to the development of malignant cells in the eye. The eye is a complex organ with various components susceptible to cancer, such as the retina, iris, and optic nerve.

eye cancer

Risk Factors & Prevention

Risk factors for eye cancer include age, genetics, exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, and certain hereditary conditions. To reduce the risk, individuals should wear protective eyewear in bright sunlight and undergo regular eye exams for early detection.

Screening & Symptoms


Regular eye exams play a crucial role in screening for eye cancer. These exams help identify any abnormalities or changes in the eye that may indicate the presence of cancer.

Symptoms & Signs:

Common symptoms of eye cancer include changes in vision, flashes of light, dark spots, or a noticeable change in the color of the iris. Early detection is vital for successful treatment.

Eye cancer

Diagnosis & Stages


Diagnosing eye cancer involves a thorough eye examination, imaging tests such as ultrasound or MRI, and a biopsy to confirm the presence of cancerous cells.

Sub-types & Stages:

Eye cancer can manifest in different forms, including melanoma and retinoblastoma. Staging determines the extent of cancer spread, guiding the treatment approach.


Treatment Modalities & Coping Treatment:

Treatment Modalities: 
Treatment options for eye cancer may include: 

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy,
  • Targeted therapies
  • Radiation therapy

The choice of treatment depends on the type, stage, and location of the cancer.

Coping With Treatment:

Coping with eye cancer treatment involves emotional support, lifestyle adjustments, and maintaining open communication with healthcare providers. Support groups and counseling can also aid in the coping process.

Emotional Support
Balanced diet

Do's & Don'ts During Treatment

  • Do follow the recommended treatment plan.
  • Do communicate openly with your healthcare team about side effects.
  • Don't ignore symptoms or delay seeking medical attention.
  • Don't self-medicate without consulting your healthcare provider.
Regular Check-Ups

Post Treatment Support, Followup Care and Surveillance :

Post Treatment Support:

After completing treatment, ongoing support is crucial. This may involve regular follow-up appointments, rehabilitation, and support groups to address any lingering physical or emotional challenges.

Follow-ups Cancer Plan:

A follow-up cancer plan typically includes regular check-ups, imaging tests, and ongoing monitoring to ensure early detection of any potential recurrence.

Surveillance & Monitoring for Indications for Recurrence:

Close surveillance and monitoring involve regular imaging tests and check-ups to detect any signs of recurrence early. Prompt identification allows for timely intervention.


Frequently Asked Questions

While not entirely preventable, wearing protective eyewear and undergoing regular eye exams can reduce the risk.

Common signs include changes in vision, flashes of light, dark spots, and changes in iris color.

Diagnosis involves a thorough eye examination, imaging tests, and a biopsy for confirmation.

Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapies, depending on the type and stage of cancer.

Some forms of eye cancer may have a hereditary component, and a family history of the disease can increase the risk.

With proper treatment and follow-up care, many individuals can lead fulfilling lives after eye cancer treatment.

Yes, support groups provide emotional support and a platform for sharing experiences among those affected by eye cancer.

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