Anil Cancer Clinic

Cancer Types

Pediatric Cancer

Pediatric cancer refers to cancer that affects children and adolescents. It involves the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body, which can form tumors and interfere with normal bodily functions.

pediatric cancer
genetic counselling

Risk Factors & Prevention

While the exact causes are often unknown, some risk factors may include genetic factors, exposure to certain environmental toxins, and a weakened immune system.

Prevention strategies may involve promoting a healthy lifestyle, reducing exposure to potential carcinogens, and genetic counseling for families with a history of cancer.

Screening & Symptoms


Routine screenings for pediatric cancer are not common, as they differ from adult cancers. However, certain genetic conditions may prompt specialized screenings in high-risk individuals.

Symptoms & Signs:

Common symptoms may include unexplained weight loss, persistent fatigue, unusual lumps or masses, changes in vision, and recurrent infections.

Pediatric Cancer

Diagnosis & Stages


Diagnosing pediatric cancer often involves a combination of medical history, physical exams, blood tests, imaging studies (like X-rays or MRI), and sometimes, biopsy.

Sub-types & Stages:

Pediatric cancers can have various subtypes and stages, influencing treatment decisions. Subtypes may include leukemia, lymphoma, and solid tumors like neuroblastoma or osteosarcoma.


Treatment Modalities & Coping Treatment:

Treatment Modalities: 
Treatment options for blood cancer may include: 

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy,
  • Targeted therapy
  • Radiation therapy.
  • Immunotherapy

The choice depends on the type and stage of cancer.

Coping With Treatment:

Coping strategies may involve a multidisciplinary approach, including psychological support, child life services, and educational support for maintaining academic progress during treatment.

Emotional Support
Balanced diet

Do's & Don'ts During Treatment

Do's: Follow the treatment plan, maintain open communication with the healthcare team, ensure proper nutrition, and create a supportive environment.

Don'ts: Avoid unnecessary exposure to infections, limit exposure to potentially harmful substances, and refrain from alternative treatments without consulting healthcare professionals.

Regular Check-Ups

Post Treatment Support, Followup Care and Surveillance :

Post Treatment Support:

After completing treatment, ongoing support may involve monitoring for potential late effects, rehabilitation services, and psychological support for both the child and their family.

Follow-ups Cancer Plan:

A comprehensive follow-up plan includes regular medical check-ups, monitoring for late effects, and addressing any concerns or symptoms promptly.

Surveillance & Monitoring for Indications for Recurrence:

Regular surveillance involves monitoring for signs of cancer recurrence through imaging studies, blood tests, and physical examinations.


Frequently Asked Questions

While not always preventable, adopting a healthy lifestyle and identifying and managing risk factors can help reduce the risk.

Treatment side effects vary but may include fatigue, nausea, hair loss, and long-term effects depending on the treatment modalities used.

Providing emotional support, maintaining open communication, and ensuring a comfortable and supportive environment are crucial.

Yes, many hospitals and organizations offer support groups, counseling services, and resources to help families cope with the challenges of pediatric cancer.

Prognosis varies depending on the type and stage of cancer, with many children successfully overcoming the disease with appropriate treatment and support.

Many survivors go on to lead healthy, fulfilling lives. Regular follow-up care is essential to monitor for any potential late effects.

Approach the conversation with honesty, age-appropriate language, and reassurance. Involve healthcare professionals to help guide the discussion.

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