Anil Cancer Clinic

Cancer Types

Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the skin cells. It occurs when skin cells are damaged, for example, by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun or tanning beds. There are different types of skin cancer, with the most common being basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma.

skin cancer
skin cancer

Risk Factors & Prevention

Understanding the risk factors for skin cancer is crucial for prevention. Factors such as excessive sun exposure, fair skin, a history of sunburns, and a family history of skin cancer can increase the risk. Prevention strategies include using sunscreen, avoiding peak sun hours, wearing protective clothing, and regular skin checks.

Screening & Symptoms


Regular skin screenings are essential for early detection. These screenings can be done by a dermatologist or through self-examinations. Early detection significantly increases the chances of successful treatment.

Symptoms & Signs:

Recognizing the symptoms and signs of skin cancer is vital. Common signs include changes in the size, shape, or color of moles, the development of new moles, and itching or bleeding in existing moles.

skin cancer

Diagnosis & Stages


If skin cancer is suspected, a biopsy is typically performed. This involves removing a small sample of the suspicious skin tissue for examination under a microscope.

Sub-types & Stages:

Different sub-types of skin cancer exist, each with its own characteristics. Staging determines the extent of the cancer's spread, ranging from Stage 0 (limited to the top layer of skin) to Stage IV (spread to other organs).


Treatment Modalities & Coping Treatment:

Treatment Modalities: 
Treatment options vary depending on the type and stage of skin cancer. Common modalities include: 

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy,
  • Targeted therapy
  • Radiation therapy.
  • Immunotherapy

Coping With Treatment:

Coping with skin cancer treatment involves physical and emotional aspects. Support from healthcare professionals, family, and friends is crucial. Lifestyle adjustments may be necessary, and mental health support is often beneficial.

Emotional Support
Balanced diet

Do's & Don'ts During Treatment

During skin cancer treatment, it's important to follow medical advice closely. This may include proper wound care after surgery, avoiding excessive sun exposure, and managing potential side effects of treatments.

Regular Check-Ups

Post Treatment Support, Followup Care and Surveillance :

Post Treatment Support:

After completing treatment, ongoing support is essential. This may include regular follow-up appointments, skin checks, and addressing any lingering side effects. Emotional support and counselling can also be beneficial.

Follow-ups Cancer Plan:

A comprehensive follow-up plan is crucial for monitoring and maintaining overall health. This plan may include regular check-ups, imaging tests, and bloodwork.

Surveillance & Monitoring for Indications for Recurrence:

Regular surveillance is necessary to detect any signs of cancer recurrence. This involves monitoring for symptoms, routine screenings, and imaging studies as recommended by healthcare professionals.


Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, adopting sun-safe behaviors, regular skin checks, and avoiding tanning beds can reduce the risk of skin cancer.

Warning signs include changes in the size, shape, or color of moles, the development of new moles, and itching or bleeding in existing moles.

Skin cancer is typically diagnosed through a biopsy, where a small sample of suspicious skin tissue is examined under a microscope.

Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy, depending on the type and stage of cancer.

Seeking support from healthcare professionals, friends, and family, as well as considering counseling, can help cope with the emotional aspects of skin cancer.

While family history can contribute to the risk, most skin cancers are caused by exposure to UV rays.

Regular follow-up appointments are crucial for monitoring overall health, detecting any signs of recurrence, and addressing potential side effects of treatment.

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