Anil Cancer Clinic

Cancer Types

Head And Neck Cancer

Head and neck cancer refers to a group of cancers that develop in the mouth, throat, nose, sinuses, larynx, and salivary glands. These cancers often begin in the squamous cells lining the mucosal surfaces of the head and neck region.

head and neck cancer
head and neck cancer

Risk Factors & Prevention

Risk Factors:

  • Tobacco and alcohol use
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection
  • Prolonged sun exposure
  • Occupational exposure to certain chemicals
  • Age and gender (more common in older individuals and men)


  • Quit smoking and limit alcohol consumption
  • Practice safe sun exposure
  • Get vaccinated against HPV
  • Maintain a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables

Screening & Symptoms


Regular screenings are essential, especially for individuals with risk factors. Screening methods may include physical examinations, imaging tests, and endoscopies.

Symptoms & Signs:

Common signs and symptoms of head and neck cancer include persistent sore throat, difficulty swallowing, changes in voice, a lump or sore that doesn't heal, and unexplained weight loss.

difficulty swallowing

Diagnosis & Stages


Diagnostic procedures include biopsies, imaging tests (CT scans, MRIs), and endoscopies to confirm the presence of cancer and determine its extent.

Sub-types & Stages:

Head and neck cancers are classified into different subtypes based on their location and the types of cells involved. Staging helps determine the extent of cancer spread, guiding treatment decisions.


Treatment Modalities & Coping Treatment:

Treatment Modalities: 

Treatment Options:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Targeted therapy

The choice of treatment depends on the type, stage, and location of the cancer.

Coping With Treatment:

Coping Strategies:

  • Seek emotional support from friends, family, or support groups.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle with proper nutrition and exercise.
  • Consider counseling or therapy to address emotional challenges.
Emotional Support
Balanced diet

Do's & Don'ts During Treatment


  • Follow the treatment plan as prescribed.
  • Communicate openly with your healthcare team.
  • Keep well-hydrated and maintain good nutrition.


  • Ignore symptoms or side effects; report them promptly.
  • Engage in activities that may compromise your health during treatment.
Regular Check-Ups

Post Treatment Support, Followup Care and Surveillance :

Post Treatment Support:

After completing treatment, ongoing support is crucial. This may include rehabilitation, monitoring for potential long-term side effects, and psychological support.

Follow-ups Cancer Plan:

Develop a personalized follow-up plan with your healthcare team to monitor your health and detect any signs of recurrence early.

Surveillance & Monitoring for Indications for Recurrence:

Regular surveillance through imaging tests and check-ups helps monitor for any indications of cancer recurrence.


Frequently Asked Questions

While not entirely preventable, adopting a healthy lifestyle and minimizing risk factors can significantly reduce the risk.

Common side effects may include fatigue, skin changes, and difficulty swallowing. Your healthcare team will manage these symptoms.

Diagnosis involves a combination of physical examinations, imaging tests, and biopsies.

Immunotherapy boosts the body's immune system to fight cancer cells and is used in certain cases.

Recovery time varies based on the type of surgery and individual factors. Your healthcare team will provide guidance.

Yes, many organizations offer support groups and resources for patients and their families.

It depends on the treatment plan and individual circumstances. Discuss with your healthcare team and employer to make informed decisions.

Book An Appointment

Open chat
Book Appointment?
Would You Like To Book An Appointment?