Anil Cancer Clinic

Cancer Types

Liver Cancer

Liver cancer, also known as hepatic cancer, begins in the cells of the liver. The liver is a vital organ responsible for filtering blood, producing bile, and metabolizing nutrients. When abnormal cells grow uncontrollably, they form a tumor, leading to liver cancer.

Liver Cancer
Liver Cancer
liver cancer

Risk Factors & Prevention

Understanding the risk factors for liver cancer is crucial. Chronic hepatitis B or C, cirrhosis, excessive alcohol consumption, and certain genetic conditions increase the risk. Prevention involves lifestyle changes, vaccination against hepatitis, and regular medical check-ups.

Screening & Symptoms


Regular screenings for individuals at high risk are vital for early detection. Screening may involve blood tests, imaging studies, or other diagnostic procedures to identify liver cancer at its earliest, most treatable stages.

Symptoms & Signs:

Liver cancer symptoms may include abdominal pain, unexplained weight loss, jaundice, and fatigue. Recognizing these signs is essential for prompt medical attention.

liver cancer

Diagnosis & Stages


Accurate diagnosis involves a combination of imaging tests, biopsies, and blood tests. A comprehensive diagnostic approach helps determine the type and stage of liver cancer.

Sub-types & Stages:

Liver cancer has different sub-types, such as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. Staging is crucial to understand the extent of cancer spread, guiding treatment decisions.


Treatment Modalities & Coping Treatment:

Treatment Modalities: 
Treatment options vary based on the type and stage of liver cancer. Modalities may include : 

  • Surgery
  • Targeted therapy
  • Radiation therapy.
  • Immunotherapy
  • Chemotherapy

A personalized treatment plan is essential for optimal outcomes.

Coping With Treatment:

Coping with liver cancer treatment involves emotional support, lifestyle adjustments, and maintaining a positive mindset. Support groups and counseling can be beneficial during this challenging time.

Emotional Support
Balanced diet

Do's & Don'ts During Treatment

Patients undergoing liver cancer treatment should adhere to specific guidelines. This includes maintaining a balanced diet, staying hydrated, avoiding alcohol, and following medical advice diligently.

Regular Check-Ups

Post Treatment Support, Followup Care and Surveillance :

Post Treatment Support:

After completing treatment, ongoing support is essential for recovery. Rehabilitation, dietary guidance, and emotional support help individuals resume a normal life post-treatment.

Follow-ups Cancer Plan:

Regular follow-up appointments are crucial to monitor recovery and detect any signs of recurrence. Follow-up plans typically include imaging studies, blood tests, and consultations with healthcare providers.

Surveillance & Monitoring for Indications for Recurrence:

Vigilant surveillance helps in early detection of recurrence. Regular monitoring of liver function, imaging studies, and tumor markers aids in identifying signs of cancer resurgence.


Frequently Asked Questions

While not entirely preventable, lifestyle changes, vaccination against hepatitis, and early detection through regular screenings can reduce the risk.

Common symptoms include abdominal pain, unexplained weight loss, jaundice, and fatigue.

Diagnosis involves imaging tests, biopsies, and blood tests to determine the type and stage of liver cancer.

Treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy, depending on the type and stage of cancer.

Emotional support, counseling, and joining support groups can help individuals cope with the emotional challenges of liver cancer.

Patients should follow a balanced diet, stay hydrated, and avoid alcohol during treatment. Consultation with a healthcare provider is crucial.

Regular follow-up appointments are vital for monitoring recovery, detecting recurrence, and ensuring ongoing support for individuals who have undergone liver cancer treatment.

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